Detecting the climatic effects of increasing carbon dioxide



Publisher: U.S. Dept. of Energy, Office of Energy Research, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Carbon Dioxide Research Division, Publisher: Available from National Technical Information Service, U.S. Dept. of Commerce in Washington, D.C, Springfield, Va

Written in English
Published: Pages: 198 Downloads: 375
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Subjects:

  • Atmospheric carbon dioxide.,
  • Climatic changes.

Edition Notes

Statementedited by Michael C. MacCracken and Frederick M. Luther.
ContributionsMacCracken, Michael C., Luther, F. M.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsQC879.8 .D48 1985
The Physical Object
Paginationxxviii, 198 p. :
Number of Pages198
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL2344008M
LC Control Number86601347

This increase can be attributed, in part, to human-caused increases in greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide. It is becoming apparent that these climatic changes are negatively affecting physical and biological systems worldwide. NREL: Carbon dioxide and other pollutants result from the burning of coal to produce electricity.   Thermal expansion of sea water associated with global warming P. in Detecting the Climatic Effects of Increasing Carbon Dioxide (eds McCracken, expansion of sea water associated with Cited by:   The global temperature rose by °C between the middle 's and , yielding a warming of °C in the past century. This temperature increase is consistent with the calculated greenhouse effect due to measured increases of atmospheric carbon dioxide. Variations of volcanic aerosols and possibly solar luminosity appear to be primary causes of Cited by:   The carbon dioxide concentration in the atmosphere has been increasing due in part to emissions from burning fossil fuels. This increased amount of CO2 should “intensify” the greenhouse effect and cause global warming according to the National Climate .

  Increase of carbon dioxide to have dramatic effects in U.S., report says of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere from human activities is influencing climate patterns and vegetation across the Author: Andrew C. Revkin. Due to the increase of anthropogenic carbon dioxide and its highly politicized global effects, there has been much research concerning the absorptivity of CO 2 and its thermal effects. CO 2 contributes to the greenhouse effect by absorbing energy in the infrared (IR) wavelengths, thus trapping heat within the boundaries of the earth’s atmosphere. Contrary to the assumptions of many scientists at the time, the effect of water vapor absorption did not mask the carbon dioxide effect by any means. He used these results to argue for the applicability of the carbon dioxide theory of climate change for geological epochs and in . Global warming is the ongoing rise of the average temperature of the Earth's climate system and has been demonstrated by direct temperature measurements and by measurements of various effects of the warming. It is a major aspect of climate change which, in addition to rising global surface temperatures, also includes its effects, such as changes in precipitation.

project "Detection of forest response to increased atmospheric carbon dioxide" (Darrell C. West-P.I.). 2 The federal agency sponsoring the research is the Department of Energy, Carbon Dioxide Research Division. Research is in progress for the current contract period and this proposal is for work to be accomplished during. The part that remains in the atmosphere may have a significant effect on climate; carbon dioxide is nearly transparent to visible light, but it is a strong absorber and back radiator of infrared radiation, particularly in the wave lengths from 12 to 18 microns; consequently, an increase of atmospheric carbon dioxide could act, much like the.   Increase Font Size Toggle Menu. Home; Read; Sign in; Search in book: SearchAuthor: OpenStaxCollege.   Climate change will hurt crops more than it helps them, study suggests. of whether increased carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere could actually be good for crops — after all, plants use.

Detecting the climatic effects of increasing carbon dioxide Download PDF EPUB FB2

@article{osti_, title = {Detecting the climatic effects of increasing carbon dioxide}, author = {MacCracken, M C and Luther, F M}, abstractNote = {This report documents what is known about detecting the CO2-induced changes in climate, and describes the uncertainties and unknowns associated with this monitoring and analysis effort.

The various approaches for detecting CO2-induced climate changes. The challenge of detecting climate change induced by increasing carbon dioxide / W. Lawrence Gates and Michael C. MacCracken --Searching for the radiative signal of increasing carbon dioxide and other trace gases / Jeffrey T.

Kiehl --Data bases for isolating the effects of the increasing carbon dioxide concentration / Raymond S. Bradley and P.D. Get this from a library. Detecting the climatic effects of increasing carbon dioxide. [Michael C MacCracken; F M Luther; United States. Department of Energy. Office of Basic Energy Sciences.

Carbon Dioxide Research Division.;]. Projecting the Climatic Effects of Increasing Carbon Dioxide. This report presents the current knowns, unknowns, and uncertainties regarding the projected climate changes that might occur as a result of an increasing atmospheric CO/sub 2/ concentration.

Part I: the global carbon cycle and climatic effects of increasing carbon dioxide Technical Report The well-documented increase of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere has lead to concern about the impact on the world's climate.

Detecting The Effects of Increasing Carbon Dioxide. The various approaches for detecting CO2-induced climate changes are discussed first, followed by a review of applications of these.

Carbon dioxide and climate. The relatively moderate climate of the Earth, as compared with the stark day-night contrast of the lunar climate, is made possible primarily by the presence of the atmosphere and the oceans. The atmosphere acts to reduce the rate of loss of absorbed solar energy, thereby raising the average planetary temperature.

The realistic physical functioning of the greenhouse effect is reviewed, and the role of dynamic transport and water vapor is identified. Model errors Detecting the climatic effects of increasing carbon dioxide book uncertainties are quantitatively compared with the forcing due to doubling CO 2, and they are shown to be too large for reliable model evaluations of climate possibility of directly measuring climate Cited by: carbon dioxide in the atmosphere does far more good than harm.

To any unpreju-dicedpersonreadingthisaccount,thefactsshouldbeobvious: thatthenon-climatic effects of carbon dioxide as a sustainer of wildlife and crop plants are enormously beneficial, that the possibly harmful climatic effects of carbon dioxide have been.

The results indicate that the surface warming due to increased carbon dioxide which is predicted by three-dimensional climate models should be detectable now.

It is not, possibly because the predicted warming is being delayed more than a decade by ocean thermal inertia, or because there is a compensating cooling due to other by: This is a digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on library shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project The long term impact of atmospheric carbon dioxide on climate Author: G.

MacDonald, United States. Dept. of Energy, SRI International File Size: 3MB. Possible reasons for the increase include: climate change and variability, deforestation, solar dimming, and direct atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO 2) effects on plant transpiration.

All of these mechanisms have the potential to affect precipitation and/or evaporation and Cited by: carbon dioxide increases in the atmosphere, this affects global temperature which in turn affects the initial disturbance of carbon dioxide.

Positive feedback loop (#2) (carbon dioxide increases, causing temperatures to increase, causing CO2 to be released from the oceans which will cause CO2 to rise in the atmosphere.

The long-term effects of allowing the concentration of CO 2 in the global atmosphere to double by the middle of the next century are not yet predictable.

However, it is inevitable that there will be a change in climatic and ecological by:   This review of the research literature by Arthur B. Robinson, Noah E. Robinson, and Willie Soon and published in the Journal of American Physicians and Surgeons infound increased levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide during the 20th and early 21st centuries have produced no deleterious effects upon Earth’s weather and climate.

Predictions of harmful climatic effects. The first course, in Marchwas devoted to climatic varia­ tions and variability, the understanding of which lies at the roots of modern climatological research.

The publicity given to recent extremes of climate, which have had serious consequences for local populations, has led to an increased awareness. This temperature increase is consistent with the calculated effect due to measured increases of atmospheric carbon dioxide.

Variations of volcanic aerosols and possibly solar luminosity appear to be primary causes of observed fluctuations about the mean trend of increasing temperature.

Unfortunately, this book can't be printed from the OpenBook. If you need to print pages from this book, we recommend downloading it as a PDF. Visit to get more information about this book, to buy it in print, or to download it as a free PDF.

Elevated carbon dioxide concentrations in the atmosphere may increase water-use efficiency in crops and considerably mitigate yield losses due to climate change, according to a new NASA study.

The results, published in the journal Nature Climate Change on Ap show some compensation for the adverse impacts of temperature extremes and water. The atmospheric carbon dioxide data reveal a historical pattern of carbon dioxide increasing and decreasing, cycling between a low of ppm and a high of ppm.

Scientists have concluded that it took aro years for the atmospheric carbon dioxide level to increase from its low minimum concentration to its higher maximum concentration.

The ocean absorbs about 30% of the carbon dioxide (CO 2) that is released in the levels of atmospheric CO 2 increase from human activity such as burning fossil fuels (e.g., car emissions) and changing land use (e.g., deforestation), the amount of carbon dioxide absorbed by the ocean also increases.

When CO 2 is absorbed by seawater, a series. CO 2-EVOKED BEHAVIORS. Carbon dioxide is a byproduct of cellular respiration, which means animals constantly release it into the environment as waste. Plants, on the other hand, take up CO 2 from the environment and fix its carbon atoms as carbohydrates via photosynthesis, acting as CO 2 sinks.

Thus, a given CO 2 concentration encountered in the Cited by: Green plants need CO 2 to grow. A higher concentration of atmospheric CO 2 will stimulate the photosynthetic process, promoting plant growth and agricultural productivity without increasing the water demand for crop transpiration.

On the otherhand, expected climatic warming may have adverse effects on agriculture, partly offsetting the positive direct CO 2 effects. Carbon Dioxide and Climate. An article from our July issue examined climate change: "A current theory postulates that carbon dioxide. Carbon dioxide at such concentrations is plausible for a young and tectonically active planet and it is photochemically much more stable than is ammonia.

It is possible even that some at least of the early warmth could have come from the presence of persistent aerosols of polymeric material which would be more stable in a reducing or neutral.

Comprehensive reviews of the plant science literature indicate that a part per million (ppm) increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO 2) concentration generally increases plant growth by approximately 30%.Working with two species of floating aquatic plants and three terrestrial species, we demonstrate that this stimulatory effect of atmospheric CO 2 enrichment is Cited by: MacCracken, M.

and Luther, F. () Projecting the Climatic Effects of Increasing Carbon Dioxide. US Department of Energy, Washington DC, From the best laboratory observations it appears that the principal result of increasing carbon dioxide () would be a gradual increase in the mean temperature of the colder regions of the earth”.

He clearly captured the main reason for concern nowadays: the unprecedented climate. This paper was presented at a colloquium entitled “Carbon Dioxide and Climate Change,” organized by Charles D.

Keeling, held November 13–15,at the National Academy of Sciences, Irvine, CA. Can increasing carbon dioxide cause climate change. (global warmingyclimate sensitivityyclimate modelingygreenhouse effect) RICHARD S. LINDZEN.

Global warming - Global warming - Feedback mechanisms and climate sensitivity: There are a number of feedback processes important to Earth’s climate system and, in particular, its response to external radiative forcing. The most fundamental of these feedback mechanisms involves the loss of longwave radiation to space from the surface.

Since this radiative loss increases with increasing. Detecting Climate Change due to Increasing Carbon Dioxide Author(s): Roland A. Madden and V. Ramanathan Source: Science, New Series, Vol.No.

(Aug. 15, ), pp. Detecting Climate Change due to Increasing Carbon Dioxide Created Date: Z.A book and a movie with the titles, An Inconvenient Truth, which press the case for global warming were released during by Al Gore, former vice president of the United States.

1,2 He makes the case that man's actions in burning fossil fuels are projected to increase the concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere to the highest.(Camiission for A rospheric Science.) Canprehensive Plan for Carbon Dioxide Effects Research and NTIS-DOEIrIC Assessment.

Part I: The Global Carbon Cycle and Climatic Effects of Increasing Carbon Dioxide. Washington, D. C.: U.S. Departhent of Energy, 68 pp. ç: Sunrnary of the Carbon Dioxide Effects Research and Assesement Program.